Hacking Jargon Explained-Vocabulary That Keeps Passwords Safe

While some of us understand a good number of things about hacking and related security details while using a computer or the internet, not many understand there is a hacking jargon that explains a number of things about this intrusion.

Hashed Passwords

One of this is hashed passwords where the plain text password of a person is run through a single-way mathematical function in turn creating some unique letter and number strings known as hashes. With hashing, the hacker is prevented from moving from the password to the hash with sites given the chance to maintain hashes as compared to plain text passwords. Essentially, once a list has been stolen, it will be hard to access the passwords in plain text.

Cryptographic Salt

To ensure a site is very hard to crack, a cryptographic salt is added to the passwords. It includes the addition of random letters, characters and numbers to the end or the beginning of a single password. This especially takes place during the process of hashing to ensure hackers are prevented from automatically entering the letters making the word that could match a hash right away.

Rainbow Tables

These tables are virtually pre-computed and help to reverse cryptographic arrangements to ensure password hashes have been cracked. These tables are heavily used in the recovery of passwords in plain text but up to a specific length made up of a specific character set.

Markov Chains

In this method, passwords cracked in the past are used including a brute-force attack generated statistically to make smart guesses for the analysis of plan texts and knowing the areas where specific characters could occur in a given password. In a given Markov attack, perhaps a password with seven letters, the threshold is about 65 tries where these most likely characters are used in every position.

As a result of passwords having capitals at the beginning, lowercase letters around the middle and numbers and symbols usually at the periphery, a Markov hacking attack seeks to crack as many passwords as possible by paying attention to this.

Brute-Force Attack

Through brute force, password cracking is done through trial and error especially for passwords in plain text from an encrypted data. In a similar fashion to a criminal cracking a safe at home through a number of potential combinations, brute-force attacks attempts to run through the various character combinations mostly in sequences.

Beyond these different password cracking techniques are devices fit for a number of computers that could crack passwords by guessing, usually a whopping 350 billion guesses for every second. This tool is a 25-computer type of cluster able to try each potential password in Windows in about six or so hours to ensure passwords in plain text have been generated from combinations of hashed passwords. Hacking through the application has brute force first done from the first length to the sixth one with an attack on passwords almost completed immediately especially if there are fast hashes.

In short, all the different hacking methods and jargon show the far hackers are ready to go to access your account and personal details. You need to be very careful.

Author Bio

Rachel is an avid social media blogger who is addicted to facebook and twitter. Recently she wrote about how she lost her access to facebook and how she recovered it with the use of Social Password Finder. Find out more about it here socialpasswordfinder.com

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